Injuries in B.J.J. -what recent research can do to help us prevent injuries.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (B.J.J.) is a sport that is gaining in popularity both in Hong Kong and globally. As a competitive contact sport it is not without its fair share of injuries. However, a recent study may help you to prepare your body to avoid help avoid or limit these injuries.
In June, 2019 researchers from The University of Miami’s Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation carried out a survey study entitled ‘ Injury rate and pattern among Brazilian jiu-jitsu practitioners: A survey study.’ published in the Journal of Physical Therapy in Sports.
The study looked at B.J.J.-related injury incidence, anatomical pattern of injuries, and injury-associated demographic and training variable identification over a 6 month period in a survey of 1287 adult B.J.J. practitioners. 59.2% of those surveyed had one or more injury in the 6 month period.
The following findings were noted:-
- The knee was the most common site of injury.
- The least experienced practitioners were most likely to get injured.
- Practitioners with a small body mass index where most prone to injury.
- The higher frequency one trained per week, the more likely you were to get injured.
- After the knee less experienced athletes more frequently reported head, upper extremity, and elbow injuries.
- Gi preference, instruction on break-falling, and participation in a structured beginner’s program were not associated with injury prevention.
Given the above findings it seems that if you are a beginner to B.J.J. especially if you are of a lighter frame then it is important that you prepare yourself through functional exercises that train stability, awareness, flexibility and power of the body. This is especially true of the knees, head and arms.